Tuesday, January 21, 2020

William Shakespeares Hamlet :: Excessive Thought in Hamlet

Books upon books have been written about Shakespeare’s Hamlet. About an equal number of books, however, have been written about one character; Hamlet. A critic of Hamlet once said, â€Å"a man set out to read all the books about Hamlet would have time to read nothing else, not even Hamlet.† What is the great fascination with Hamlet and the characters contained within. The great intrigue comes from the ambiguity of the play and it’s characters. â€Å"Hamlet is the tragedy of reflection. The cause of the hero’s delay is irresolution; and the cause of this is excess of the reflexive and speculative habit of the mind.† (Halliday. 217) The reason that there are so many critics is that there are just as many theories and speculations. Even in the twentieth century on could create or â€Å"discover† a new theory or criticism based on the play or it’s characters. The character Hamlet, alone, has over two dozen critics from Quinn to Coler idge. Some critics come up with sane interpretations of Hamlet while others use wild and crazy themes. Some conclude that the problem with Hamlet, and a classic thesis used by many students, is insanity versus sanity. The theories progress from there. The theories range from manic-depressant to homosexual. Some are even very creative; such as the thesis that Hamlet is actually a female raised as a male. But no matter how many theories, speculations, or thesis there are, many hold some ground. This thesis paper will not stress on any of the statements I have listed above. However, I will take a stand with Coleridge and speak about Hamlet’s genius and cognitive activity. Hamlet’s true dilemma is not one of sanity -Vs- insanity; but one pressing his intellectual capacity. Being a scholar, Hamlet is prone to thought rather than actions. â€Å"Cause of Hamlet’s destiny. . . in intellectual terms . . . is a tragedy . . . of excessive thought.† (Mack. 43) Hamlet ’s role was to make a transcendental move from scholarly prince to man of action. Hopefully this report will help open another, or even stress a classic, view as to Hamlet’s character and his prolonged delay. When a student goes to write about Hamlet’s character they often begin by hitting a wall. Not the usual writers block in which the mind goes blank, but one of information loaded upon information.

Monday, January 13, 2020

A critical analysis of an event contemporary issue

Abstract This paper provides an exploration of branding as interrelated to event management and experiential marketing. Different concepts and ideas are investigated in order to provide a relevant understanding of how adequate branding initiatives can impact future event management decisions. The relationship between brands and customers is emphasised throughout the paper in an attempt to focus on the importance of creating a personalised brand experience to different individuals. Therefore, the paper argues that branding is a fundamental element of ensuring proper event management activities in the contemporary business context. Introduction It has been indicated that brands serve different functions. At the most basic level, brands represent specific markers for the offerings provided by companies. For consumers, brands are associated with simplification of choice, reducing risk and guaranteeing a high quality level. The process of making branding decisions and undertaking particular tasks is important part of events management (Caru and Cova 2007). Brand positioning provides a relevant direction for marketing activities and establishing competitive advantage. Research shows the close relationship between brands and customers. Brand relationship quality has emerged as multidimensional because it consists of different dimensions, including self-concept, commitment, interdependence, etc. (Kotler and Keller 2006). Branding has been linked with the importance of brand experience and experiential marketing. The objective of this paper is to explore the aspects of branding as linked to experiential marketing and how this impa cts future event management decisions. This paper will explore links between branding and experiential marketing from both academic and practical angles. It will also look at how these concepts affect future management decisions (Caru and Cova 2007). The main objective of this paper is to critically review the branding importance in event management and how it impacts event management’s core decisions, how branding adds value to event management by developing a strong brand identity and new methods of linking with contemporary markets and emerging audience needs (Keller and Lehmann 2006). It is important to explore what performance signs could increase its added value for event management. Furthermore, this study focuses on the specificity of event management in terms of investigating how different trends like branding, technology, social media and events can add value to event management and improve the components of event planning. The study also investigates the contribution of branding from the perspective of b rand management research (Kotler and Keller 2006). Strong branding strategy is an essential part of the overall business strategy, as currently many multi-national corporations and event organisers are facing different challenges of achieving a position to strengthen the brand. Specificity of Branding and Its Relevance to Event Management One of the meanings of branding is intangibility, which indicates that a brand is established on intangible relations and values, making brand performance hard to define and measure. There has not been a universal definition of brand management in the literature (Keller and Lehmann 2006). Brand management faces many challenges in the contemporary business world, as companies and consumers are experiencing more products and services. It has been suggested that a strong brand holds various associations and has the capability to shorten the consumer decision making process, reduces the company risk, and sets different expectations (Kotler and Keller 2006). Furthermore, it has been argued that branding plays the same role in event planning. It has been recommended that the power of a brand lies in what audiences have learned, experienced, observed, and listened about the brand as a result of their experiences through an event (Caru and Cova 2007). The strength of a brand mostly reflects in its perception by customers, and thus it is experiential in nature. Successful event management needs to understand how the brand strategy should be executed and communicated with event audiences and how audiences respond to it. Event management companies are expected to recognise the strength of branding and how it can connect with audiences. For instance, if organisations offer a valuable brand experience to customers, they will achieve a substantial competitive advantage. Businesses choose to take part to organise an event for various reasons (Crowther 2010). Small companies may want to experience what live branding can provide. Many large and multi-national corporations prefer face-to-face interaction through different events to receive a quick response. Whether small or large, event companies generally participate for many reasons, for example to strengthen branding and event awareness, generating leads, connecting with future and exist ing audiences and educating event attendees etc. The main reason for companies to participate in an event is to launch or strengthen their brand (Keller and Lehmann 2006). Event management allows the company to grow and express its particular distinctiveness directly. Through event planning, companies normally select the perfect venue to share their ideas, thoughts, and name in the most appropriate for their purposes manner they want to show to people. Companies have been noted for their commitment to support various initiatives that popularise the brands they offer (LeSalle and Britton 2003). Many businesses decide to arrange events based on the branding opportunity offered by the event. The use of different host events is useful to create and showcase the brand of their business, as these could be charitable events or certain volunteering activities. Hosting events also allow different companies to direct the attention of their business and to attract potential audiences, which are considered more cost efficient (Kotler and Keller 2006). Organisations constantly enhance the features of their brands through the improved process of event management. As a result, their customer base grows on a regular basis. Another significant reason companies choose to arrange and participate in an event is to show their potential through brand features and enhancing different methods to improve event management and to recognise a target audience. The introduction of branding initiatives is important for companies to connect more personally with their customers (Crowther 2010). Branding may lead to extensive customer engagement, with a chance for positive personal interaction that establishes loyalty. Furthermore, event managers know that companies can understand the biggest ROI from branding and by retaining and increasing new customers. The main challenge for companies is to gain the attention of their customers accompanied by the disruption of daily work. At events, companies enjoy the chance to increase their brand awareness and revenue by introducing to their audience different types of products or services they may be interested in (Caru and Cova 2007). Branding provides organisations with an opportunity to focus on improving customers’ personal experience of the brand. Accurately planned and implemented branding can generate a huge amount of revenue after the event has ended. In other words, companies increase th e impact of their event by giving audience a reason to share their experience with products and services. Brand management frequently faces many challenges in a highly competitive environment (Keller and Lehmann 2006). In the contemporary unpredictable markets it is particularly important for event managers to monitor attendees’ needs and involvement. The brand is considered an intangible asset that strengthens the value by its strong connection with the associations, ethics and drivers of the audience. Consumers attend events for different reasons, including educational, informative, entertainment, etc. These reasons are influential and have benefits in their own ways (Crowther 2010). The information provided to individuals through branding is important to understand the nature and applicability of different brands. For instance, customers may differentiate the useful characteristics of a particular electrical appliance over another one in the market. If customers attend events for educational or awareness purposes, the branding information should be presented properly and considered the key component of an event. When a company hosts an event, it expects to gain adequate control over the e vent’s branding information and the audience it wants to draw in (Keller and Lehmann 2006). Being in this position provides the company with the authority to define how it wants to be portrayed and what type of audience it wants to attract. If companies are attentive about targeting their attendees, the ROI (Return on Investment) will be accomplished and the audience would show their interest in the company and their brand. However, this is not always the case because customer targeting initiatives may not be successful. Companies have access to an audience that is exposed to their brand and message at every turn. Furthermore, attendees enthusiastically prefer to contribute their skills and expertise in the programs and activities companies tend to provide during the course of the event (Caru and Cova 2007). Branding can be a powerful tool to generate a competitive advantage. A definition of brand culture indicates a focus on a company’s culture in which employees consider the importance of specific brand values (Keller and Lehmann 2006). The brand culture concept helps companies realise why this is so important. Brand cultures are considered important for event management. Branding also refers to aspects of pre dictable knowledge and thus expands the dimensions of brand culture (Crowther 2010). Unless they can experience products and services or encounter exceptional brand stories through events, individuals are generally determined to support the taken-for-granted option to understand the brand. In addition to the aspects of taken-for-granted knowledge, there are two motives for this stability. Psychological research suggests that branding culture is strong because individuals are cognitive (Keller and Lehmann 2006). Sociological research (Keller and Lehmann 2006) also suggests that branding cultures are strong and reliable because brand cultures are collective by including many people and being expressed in a variety of contexts (talk, product experiences, advertisements, etc.). However, there are drawbacks to these studies because branding culture is multidimensional. It cannot be simply perceived as cognitive or collective in nature. Branding normally manages events, brand images, and associations through different marketing networks. Therefore, individuals need to adopt a holistic approach to understand the dimensions of brand management (Kotler and Keller 2006). Importance of Branding and Experience Marketing A particular definition of experience marketing is the introduction of particular marketing activities that are customer-oriented and create a strong connection with customers. Based on this perspective, customer experiences arise from various aspects to include in-store interactions, communication patterns and packaging (Kotler and Keller 2006). Such experiences also take place as a result of both online and offline marketing activities. Experience marketing is viewed as a consistent and systematic approach to measuring the way in which customers feel about the brand (LaSalle and Britton 2003). Thus, the experience concept is quite different from other customer constructs in the field of marketing. Likewise, experience as part of experience marketing is different from motivational and affective factors, such as brand attachment and involvement (Kotler and Keller 2006). Brand attachment usually evokes persistent customer emotions, while involvement shows the perceived significance and personal relevance of a particular brand. Experience in this sense does not emerge as an emotional relationship concept. One of the essential concepts of experience marketing is experiential value that is closely linked with the idea of strengthening consumer bonds in organisations. Undoubtedly, an experience is found to have a much more persistent impact than an exposure to certain products and services offered by companies (Forlizzi and Ford 2000). In this way, the experience marketing concept directly appeals to customers in the sense of helping them feel what it is like to be a part of a particular organisation. Relationships between Brands and Customers Nonetheless, the relationship between brands and customers has been revolutionised to a certain degree. The new marketing era is that of experience marketing, which focuses on providing consumers with a brand experience that adds value to their lives (Caru and Cova 2007). It has been indicated that providing a real experience to individuals is an important part of persuading them about the quality of the offered products. It could be argued that there is nothing genuine about the connections between commercial organisations and customers, rather that they are a way of extracting as much money as possible from them. Experience marketing may provide adequate evidence that marketing practices have continuously evolved in the past several decades, shifting from the focus from products to building strong customer relationships and brands. It is important that positive experiences of customers become institutionalised within the respective marketing system in order to deliver the essence o f a certain brand (Keller and Lehmann 2006). This indicates that there is no gap between the promise presented with the brand and the consequent brand delivery to customers. Personal experiences enable individuals with a relevant opportunity to make informed purchasing decisions. Therefore, an adequate customer experience is more likely to produce high satisfaction in individuals who aim to purchase certain products or services (Caru and Cova 2007). Marketing communication has been identified as an essential aspect in contemporary business sectors. Marketing communication methods include advertising, direct and indirect mail, leaflets, altering the product packaging and sales promotion (Addis and Holbrook 2001). These activities are promoted alongside marketing sponsorship, public relations, and scientific, digital and live brand experiences. Research indicates that selected marketing channels are incorporated with other organisational tools to increase the impact of this strategy and more successfully achieve marketing communication core objectives (Kotler and Keller 2006). The experiential marketing approach is focused on a two-way incorporation in real-time, a live brand experience and thus a considerable deeper consumer relationship process (Prahalad and Ramaswamy 2004). Live brand experiences are typically apparent in the shape of live marketing events that permit the consumer to live, respire and experience or feel the brand through interactive transmitted connections and actions. The actions are typically designed to include value to target audiences in their own atmosphere, during their ordinary existence (Caru and Cova 2007). However, live brand experiences are basically existent in two-way branded experiences. They can be uniformly successful across many interactive scientific technologies and policies that assist marketing communication between customers and brands in real time. For example, consumers can contribute in live brand experiences on television where the TV shows substance is fluid, and they participate and add their contribution in actual time (Keller and Lehmann 2006). Creating a Live Brand Experience Similarly, a live brand experience can be stimulated online in a practical way in order to target more customers. Research shows that live brand experiences are seldom taken part in alone and the sophisticated marketing management tends to incorporate experiential marketing with other marketing tools and techniques to utilise a broad collection of marketing channels (Kotler and Keller 2006). Marketing departments in various multinational corporations prefer to utilise each marketing channel to accomplish different organisational goals and objectives (Maghnati et al. 2012). Advertising is frequently implemented in experiential marketing to achieve brand awareness program and to increase and sustain recognition of the brand or product within big markets. Advertising is normally effective at raising brand awareness; however, it is expensive to implement at a proper level (Schmitt 2010). When used on a larger level in experiential marketing, advertising can have a low cost per thousand (CPT), although generally it is a costly tool and can generally only be used to affect leading brands that can manage to run large advertising campaigns. Digital marketing or E-marketing is one of the fastest growing marketing channels in the current technological era. Consumers are linking with various brands online more than ever before, and E-marketing can also be cost-effective marketing channel for promoting brands online and generating sales and revenue via digital marketing (Maghnati et al. 2012). Viral marketing is also a rising marketing discipline, which is part of the digital range: an effective viral campaign uses a word-of-web to promote brand awareness. However, these marketing channels usually work together; at present, they are delivering successful marketing campaigns internationally for global brands and small businesses equally. Though brands and companies gain benefit from using these marketing channels, marketing departments are searching for new ways to operate and use these channels l in order to connect with their target audiences in a deeper way (Obonyo 2011). The basic idea is to build strong relationships that create brand loyalty and brand sponsorship. Additionally, experiential marketing may transform consumers from shoppers into dependable individuals who perceive the brand in certain terms, and share their personality and core marketing message or features to their families, friends, colleagues and local communities (Schmitt 2010). Experiential marketing is method way of identifying, recognizing and satisfying customer demands or needs and ambitions, engaging them through two-way marketing communications that take brand personalities into real life and include value to the target audience (Maghnati et al. 2012). Research shows that experiential marketing is incorporated into specific methodologies, which always are connected with target audiences and add value through relevant and appropriate brand communication dimensions (Schmitt 2010). The methodology was sound and objective in reaching particular conclusions pertaining to experiential marketing. The experiential marketing movement was established around one concept, involving two-way marketing communication between the brand and the target audience in actual time. As a result, live brand experiences are considered to be the core feature of experiential marketing. Other marketing communications channels are also playing their role in the process (Schmitt 201 0). They are being selected and integrated to increase marketing channels, which strengthen the impact of the big marketing idea known as live brand experience (customer experience). Conclusion This paper has explored the aspects of branding and how they are related to experiential marketing. In addition, emphasis was placed on determining the impact of branding on future event management decisions. It has been suggested that experiential creativity is at least partly concerned with offering a shopping environment that is appropriate to the customers, which can encourage them to the purchasing process (Schmitt 2010). The paper has suggested that experiential marketing provides an adequate way to achieving strong relationships with customers who may have an opportunity to experience different brands in a personal way. Furthermore, experiential marketing is also focused on getting consumer feedback, judgments, thoughts, actions and connections (Kotler and Keller 2006). All these aspects contribute to define and design a live customer experience and thinking about marketing. Experiential marketing has modified the past marketing concept that only focused on customers and custo mer service. Just as branding culture is established collectively through the participation of customers in experiencing brands, dividing branding strategies into different parts is a collective or a single branding decision for companies. It depends on the decision of branding or marketing directors to use one branding strategy over another (Caru and Cova 2007). Powerful branding provides a competitive advantage in an event not only with respect to audiences but also in relation to different brand partners (Kotler and Keller 2006). The paper concluded that a well-built brand culture also provides the firm with considerable influence in configuring event policies and negotiating with other brands. References Addis, M. and Holbrook, M. (2001) ‘On the Conceptual Link between Mass Customisation and Experiential Consumption: An Explosion of Subjectivity’, Journal of Consumer Behavior, Vol. 1 pp 50-66 Caru, A. and Cova, B. (2007) Consuming Experience, London, Routledge Crowther, P. (2010) ‘Strategic Application of Events’, International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 29(2) pp227-235 Forlizzi, J. and Ford, S. (2000) ‘The Building Blocks of Experience: An Early Framework for Interaction Designers’, Proceedings of the DIS 2000 Seminar, Communications of the ACM, pp 419-423 Keller, K. L. and Lehmann, D. R. (2006) ‘Brands and Branding: Research Findings and Future Priorities’, Marketing Science, Vol. 25(6) pp740-759 Kotler, P. J. and Keller, K. L. (2006) Marketing Management, New York, Pearson Prentice Hall LeSalle, D. and Britton, T. A. (2003) Priceless: Turning Ordinary Products into Extraordinary Experiences, Boston, Harvard Business School Press Maghnati, F., Ling, K. C. and Nasermoadeli, A. (2012) ‘Exploring the Relationship between Experiential Marketing and Experiential Value in the Smartphone Industry’, International Business Research, Vol. 5(11) pp169-177 Obonyo, M. (2011) ‘Experiential Marketing, Experiential Value, Purchase Behaviour and Customer Loyalty in the Telecoms Industry’, Dissertation. Makerere University Prahalad, C. K. and Ramaswamy, V. (2004) ‘Co-Creation Experiences: The Next Practice in Value Creation’, Journal of Interactive Marketing, Vol. 18(3) pp5-14 Schmitt, B. H. (2010) ‘Experience Marketing: Concepts, Frameworks and Consumer Insights’, Foundations and Trends in Marketing, Vol. 5(2) pp55-112

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The Reality of Reality Television - 1699 Words

The Reality of Reality Television Jacqueline Knudsen ENG122: English Composition II Jenna Fussell February 2, 2013 The Reality of Reality Television Have you ever set there watching your favorite reality television show and wondered what effects it could have on you, your family or your friends? Truth is most people do not think about the effects television shows can have before watching them or allowing their children to watch them. This paper will discuss rather reality television is real or fake, what the appeal of reality TV is, how reality television has changed television viewing habits, and the impact of reality television. Even though reality television can be†¦show more content†¦It was a way to just sit there and sort of zone out and forget the troubles of the day. However, now more and more people are sitting down at night and watching reality television shows. Reality television shows are less relaxing than the sitcoms people use to watch. They involve the audience more, such as with voting for your favorite contestant on â€Å"American Idol† or getting angry or upset with a person for something they have done to your favorite person on â€Å"Survivor†. Whether it is physically or emotionally involved, when people are watching reality television they are definitely involved. So since the introduction of reality television people have started watching more reality TV and less sitcoms because most people prefer to be involved in their TV shows rather than just watch them. One negative effect that reality television can have on people is deceptive view of reality. Such as kids who watch shows like Jersey Shore which can lead them to believe life is one big party. MSN Encarta defines reality TV as â€Å"television programs that present real people in live, though often deliberately manufactured, situations and monitor their emotions and behavior.† Which means what they portray as reality is not really how things happen in the real world (Woods, N.D.). Another negative effect is antifamily values. Many critics have claimed r eality television shows such as The RealShow MoreRelatedThe Reality Of Reality Television936 Words   |  4 PagesThe reality show phenomenon Have you ever wondered what attracts millions of Americans each week to watch this cultural phenomenon know as reality television? It first started in 1948 when Allen Funt created a TV series called Candid Camera, this is the first known reality television show series. â€Å"Reality television episodes have increased up to 57% of all television shows that can be found on your TV guides† (Shocking). Big Brother was one of the first successful and most viewed reality televisionRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television882 Words   |  4 Pages What is it about these reality shows such as: Keeping Up with the Kardashians, Bad Girls Club, and The Real Housewives that we cannot stop watching? After watching reality shows like this, it leaves people craving the next episode of the next week. Reality television producers are exploiting people by giving the public a â€Å"sense† of reality but not the real version of it, but rather exploit people and use stereotypes to make money for entertainment. The specific points of this argumentRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television1499 Words   |  6 PagesAgainst Reality TV For close to a decade, the ethics behind the existence of reality TV have been questioned. While there are ardent viewers of reality TV, researchers and other scholars disapprove them, and claim that the world would have been in a better place. Reality TV shows, especially in America, are extremely profitable to media owners, and this has increased their popularity in the recent years. The main target audience for these shows are teenagers and women, who spend a lot of time discussingRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television927 Words   |  4 PagesBehind the Reality of Reality TV There are many different opinions when the subject of reality television is discussed. Although reality television shows are thought to be negative they really are just mindless entertainment. Many can argue that these shows are misleading and disturbing. On the other side of this, people merely use these shows for entertainment and allow people to forget about stress in their lives. The cause of these different opinions is a result of different age, gender, religionRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television1511 Words   |  7 PagesReality TV is defined as television programs in which real people are continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining rather than informative.(Dictionary) As we all know, in today s world we are presented with numerous Reality TV Show such as Keeping up With the Kardashians, Basket wives and The Real Housewives of Miami. These shows give a false message to their viewers of what is reality and what is purely entertainment. Many reality programs create an artificial environment for the show thatRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television991 Words   |  4 PagesWe see content on television every day either to see the news, watch a movie, series or any program we would like to watch. Television give us a different and visually perfect way of entertainment. Reality television is a genre of television which seems to be unscripted showing actions of â€Å"real life†. The viewer sees the reality shows for entertainment but neither the pressure, competitiveness nor loneliness that lives in imagines. To be real -time and people- admiration from viewers, thinking thatRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television Essay1287 Words   |  6 PagesReality television is now one of the most consumed television genres broadcasted to the general public. Reality television has become more about mindless watching and creating the most unrealistic environment possible, rather than creating a show for an important purpose. Today, shows like Beauty and the Geek, Big Brother, and every other reality show fit into this mold, but when viewed critically lessons appear. In the case of TV today, reality shows depict an altered reality because of the unrealisticRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television Essay1973 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Reality television has turned into a noteworthy piece of our way of life. The shows are described to be fun, engaging and acquaint society with new points of view. In the wake of a monotonous day at work, it s decent to return home and watch something careless on television, while unwinding. While the debate that violence in the media is making for a brutal culture has been made a million times, sometime recently, I am striving to make an alternate relationship. As we are aware, theRead MoreReality Television : Is It Reality?849 Words   |  4 PagesIs it Reality? Pop culture is popular culture that dominates a society at a point in time. Today, reality television is a part of the society’s popular culture (Johnson 289). The question is why? Reality television is a genre of television programming that focuses on members of the public living in conditions made by the creator, and displays how people are intended to behave in everyday life (Johnson 290). Reality television is debasing and should be strictly controlled, if not banned altogetherRead MoreThe Reality Of Reality Television Essay1697 Words   |  7 PagesReality television has taken off over the past few years bringing shows to the airwaves such as the Bachelor and Breaking Amish. One of the more successful reality television shows, which is going off the air after this season, is Duck Dynasty. The show features a cast of redneck white males who have created a fortune making handmade duck calls. Their wives are the typical stay at home moms who cook and clean the house, or as Uncle Si would say, wifely duties. The show is shot in West Monroe, Louisiana

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Analysis of Three Cultures of Management and Domain Theory Free Essay Example, 2250 words

While operating complex activities and unanticipated occurrences, operator culture brings workers together by creating interdependency to formulate adaptable strategies for teamwork to accomplish the impending task. Schein, however, indicates that operator culture is often met with rules especially in the case of unpredictable conditions. Schein (1996, p. 13) points out that the simmering problem with the operators is that they understand well that for the job to be well done then they must involve innovation and personal skills in solving problems as not set out in the rules. However, this becomes difficult due to a lack of incentive or managerial support defined to compensate such efforts. The result of such speculations is operators subversion of the true and more practical strategies to rely on the set rules. In the observation of Schein (1996, p. 15), executive culture mainly applies to the individual CEOs who get promoted to the rank after passing through other levels of organ izational management. The executive culture is mainly focused on maintaining and ensuring the adaptable financial health of the individual organization. As outlined by Schein (1996:13), there occurs a difference in role between the CEO appointed from among the founders or family heading the organization and the promoted CEO. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Three Cultures of Management and Domain Theory or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The former type of CEO exercises broader focus and assumptions in the organization while the latter type of CEO focuses mostly on the financial performance of the organization. Since promoted CEOs have high experiences while they rise up the hierarchy with a longitudinal increase in responsibility, it becomes difficult for them to manage every level of organizational operation and therefore needs to set strategic information systems (Schein1996, p. 13). Doing this enables executives to ensure maximum accountability in every aspect of their operation. The executive culture also makes individual promoted executives become impersonal since they handle broader organizations and departmental managers who exhibit similar competence.

Friday, December 20, 2019

Mass Incarceration A Small Look Into Our Predicament

AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES Mass Incarceration A small look into our predicament Brandon 4/27/2015 I. Overview of Mass Incarceration Throughout the last the couple of years in the United States African Americans have become synonymous with many of problems with the country. This includes the rising drug problem of our country, the increased violence on our streets, many of the gang-related activities that have become prevalent in our country. One of the biggest for African American’s is our involvement in our prison systems, our â€Å"mass incarceration. Mass incarceration is a term I use for a system that has been in place since the end of the civil war that took advantage of the economic problems of the country and lingering†¦show more content†¦Keeping black people in these rough areas his lowered public opinion of them in the eyes of not just other races but other black people as well. Many of them result to committing crimes or going to jail or causing trouble because that is all they know. Something like going to jail which is normally a big event in a family’s life has become so mething very common in African American culture, something akin to graduating high school or getting married. It has become something so commonplace that it is seen as the norm in many black communities. The black community is now synonymous with many of the biggest problems in our society which includes drugs, robbery, murder and much more. II. Creation of Mass Incarceration Since the topic of this paper has been clearly been stated one of the first questions that may come to mind would probably be how did all of this come about. This change in our country didn’t occur immediately but was the product of a long time of planning and manipulation of state African Americans had been left. One of the first tools used keep black people from learning was the creation of the black codes. These were laws in put in place to keep African Americans in positions of menial labor and farm work. One of the biggest codes of the black codes was the vagrancy laws that were put in place mostly in the southern regions of the

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Brave New World Essay Introduction Example For Students

Brave New World Essay Introduction Brave New World By: Aldous Huxley Author: Aldous Huxley was born in 1894, and died in 1963. He first went to Eton, andthen to Oxford. He was a brilliant man, and became a succesful writer of short stories inthe twenties and thirties. He also wrote essays and novels, like Brave New World. Thefirst novels he wrote were comments on the young generation, with no goal whatsoever,that lived after WW I. Before he became the writer as we know him, he worked as ajournalist and a critic of drama. In his books, especially the later ones, he sometimespresents himself as a teacher or a philosopher, to literate us as readers. Next to novels,essays and short stories he also wrote poems, biographies, plays, political/sci-fi books,travel books and even a record of his experiments with drugs. Brave New World wasfirst published in 1932, and has been reprinted many times after that. Main Characters: Bernard Marx Lenina Crowne John Savage (Son of Tomakin, Bernardsboss) Helmholtz WatsonHuxley tries to make a statement with this book, he tries to make something clear to thereader. To do this he uses characters, but theyre insignificant to what his real intentionsare, he merely uses them to express his ideas, therefor their characteristics and ideas arenot important in the whole picture. There is hardly any charaterisation in the book toillustrate the individuals. Theme: In the foreword Huxley states: The theme of Brave New World is not theadvancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects humanindividuals. The picture of the world given in the book describes the condition of thehuman individual in a western civilization in a near future. The society has turned into awell oiled machine, in which everything is controlled, even the future profession of theindividual is determined before birth. Its a society in which the human being only servesa sociological and scientifical purpose, the individual thought is overruled by one bigtotalitarian state, likewise emotion and initiative are ruled out. Giving birth is forbidden,sex is the most normal thing on earth, and even drugs is taken with the routine andamount of normal meals. Only a small group of the real man exists, be its far outside thecivilized world. John Savage is one of them, representitive of individual freedom andthought, torn between two societies. Huxley war ns for material and technicaldependence, that will eventually bring destruction upon mankind. Characteristics: Thestory is set in our world, in the future (some 600 years from now). It is in the year 632after Ford. Society has turned into a controlled state, individual thought is bannished, andthe human being is only on this earth to serve a sociological and scientifical purpose. Theres no space for free speech, emotion or even literature that reminds of the free spirit. The narrator is omniscient, as said before, Huxley expresses his political and scientificalideas through the characters, therefor he sometimes steps in to their heads, but mostlytells the story as he was telling their history. There is symbolism in the book, once againHuxley warns us as readers not to grow to dependent of material wealth and science,theres a moral to the stroy, watch out or youll end up like this. The genre of the bookis that of alternative realism, but as it spreads certain ideas, its also called a novel ofideas. The title is quite easy to explain: it comes from a work by Shakespreare, TheTempest. John once quotes it when he still thinks that this new world is only wonder andbeauty The book is written in an easy readable way, no real difficult words, and notmuch hard philosofical, mind twisting passages to overcome. The climax of the story iswhen Bernard has picked up John and his mother, and suddenly has a certain grip on hisboss, who was about to fire him (John is the unlawful son of his boss). After that he alsogets the idea that his earlier urge to something individual has its roots in true freedom,and thus he wants to be free. But instead he uses John to get attention and respect fromhis fellow Alphas. .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .postImageUrl , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:hover , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:visited , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:active { border:0!important; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:active , .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2 .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8c7e69ad95e76c1336655eb5c8b951d2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Teenage Pregnancy EssaySummary: In the year 632 after Ford, the new Director of the Central London Hatcheryand Conditioning Centre explains the functionality of his plant to a group of

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Arthur Miller Essay On The Crucible Example For Students

Arthur Miller Essay On The Crucible Alfieri has an interesting role in A View from the Bridge which was written in 1955 by Arthur Miller. He is a character who participates in the action of the play, and comments on past or subsequent events. Alfieri can be compared to a God like observer who is watching over the action taking place but cannot intervene with fate and destiny. Through his many appearances in the play, Alfieri has the further structural device of providing changes, dramatically increasing or decreasing tension or simply commenting on the action. Arthur Miller, the author of the play was greatly influenced by Greek Tragedy in terms of both the construction of the play and the choric role of Alfieri. Several hundred years ago, the Greeks produced the early stages of theatre. This theatre, at first had no actors but consisted of numerous chorus figures who told the whole story, which was often a tragedy. However, later in the 6th century B. C, Thespis introduced the actor. The chorus figure was still in plays often commenting on the action taking place, representing the voice of sanity, reason and compassion. Miller originally wanted to have one continuous Act, with increasing and decreasing tension as opposed to a final climax. Through Alfieris eight appearances, Miller not only creates fluctuating tension but breaks the two acts into significant scenes. Alfieri begins his opening speech with introducing himself as a lawyer. The community in the play respect him and view him as the predominant and authoritative figure. It is partly due to this reason that the audience listen to Alfieri, the other reason being that his character is of some interest and the audience can connect with his position; watching over the action but being unable to alter it. We are also told that that Sicilian community living in Redhook quite despise the idea of the American law and this why many people find living amongst lawyers in Redhook, an area of crime and violence, rather intimidating. You see how uneasily they look at me? That is because Im a lawyer. In this neighbourhood to meet a lawyer or a priest on the street is unlucky. We then told about his arrival to Redhook I only came here when I was twenty-five, but learn that he was born in Italy. This is significant because it means that Alfieri can understand Eddie and Marcos idea of justice, the justice of the vendetta. In terms of structure, he sets the scene for the play and introduces an element of violence through the infamous story of Al Capone. In those days Al Capone, the greatest of the Carthaginian of all, was learning his trade on these pavements, and Frankie Yale himself was cut precisely in half by a machine gun. Alfieri emphasizes the importance of justice in Redhook and explains that the people do not follow the law, but use the justice of the vendetta. Meaning that if someone does harm to your family you cause harm to theirs. Sayings such as An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, which originate from the Bible promotes this idea of justice.