Wednesday, April 15, 2020

The Origins of Modern Democracy

The Origins of Modern DemocracyMany people believe that the most successful and significant reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals. Often they are correct. Yet the causes that gave rise to the major movements were complex and varied. The driving forces that brought about some of the most important changes in our nation's history, for example, had very little or no formal education.The reasons for this are not completely understood, but a few things can be said. Many of the early reform movements were focused on protecting the economic and social standing of white men. Sometimes those seeking these reforms were focused on 'help' rather than 'taking.' Some of them were also motivated by religious beliefs, yet many of the most noted reformers were non-believers.Other movements were directed towards the protection of their local, state, and national governments from encroachment. In some cases the main focus was on the enforcement of local laws against w omen's suffrage. In other cases the main focus was on taking away the control of local officials from the federal government. In both cases there was a drive to broaden democracy to a larger and more inclusive range of American citizens.It was the effort to protect individual rights and freedoms that led to the establishment of many of the early civil rights movements. Many of the fundamental changes in American life that we consider fundamental today may have originated as struggles for these rights. Freedom of speech and association, for example, did not exist under European rule and the political activities that developed out of the Civil War were based on the right to free speech. New freedoms such as the right to vote were soon won.In many other cases, the efforts were directed against the national government rather than the states or the country as a whole. The effort to put women in the workforce and free blacks from the shackles of slavery was driven by the belief that each person should be treated equally before the law. The efforts to end child labor were also driven by the belief that children should have the same opportunities to work as adults did. A shift in America's view of women and their rights coincided with the demand for an end to segregation laws against interracial marriage. Similarly, the need to free black men from their bonds and adopt them into the American family were a result of their struggle for equal rights.But why was it necessary to expand the definition of democratic ideals? The main point of concern in the early twentieth century, of course, was the existence of large concentrations of wealth and power. These forces had held back progress since the beginnings of the nation. In addition, large, centralized, bureaucracies in general were considered untrustworthy and dangerous.If you lived in a small city or town, you did not want to live in a community ruled by an overbearing and corrupt governmental bureaucracy. If you worked in a large city, you did not want to get caught up in a bureaucratic nightmare that would rob you of your freedom and job security. And if you were a middle class American, you did not want to send your children to school under the watchful eye of government bureaucrats. The causes that eventually brought about the victories of the reform movements are no less worthy of our attention and support today.The development of the modern society that we know today is a direct result of the campaigns of human rights organizations and reform groups for civil rights. The cause for expanded democracy that sparked the Civil War is as strong today as it was in its heyday in the nineteenth century. When a president or senator campaigns on the promise of ending the abuses of a corrupt system, we should take him seriously. For we will be no better off without them than they were in the time of the reformers.

The Heffron Hall Collections and Pieces of Art

Audience and location The city of Sidney continues to perpetrate a reputation of supporting the development of creative spaces aided by a series of events locations and programs. As such, the city offers a variety of periodic events and activities running through the year. To facilitate these events the city is proud to host and support several seamless and provocative spatial settings.Advertising We will write a custom proposal sample on The Heffron Hall Collections and Pieces of Art specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These settings offer strategic circumstance and artistic environment that is endorsed by a rich cultural background. Running down from iconic operas to galleries and underground community theatres, these locations have earned a reputation of affordability in artist workspace through the facilitation, cooperation and support of local government. Subsidised rental and leasing programs as well as peppercorn rent programs have allowed creative arts developers to afford and enrich the content of their collections and pieces of art (Foo Rossetto 1998). At the heart of these locations is the Heffron hall managed and controlled by Queens Street Studio in conjunction with FraserStudios, provide an exemplary coalition between artists and developers. This collaboration offers affordable rehearsal space allowing for a constant turnover of activity. Statement of intent The exhibition experience in any such location is pegged on a variety of factors besides the presented item or exhibition. The Falk and Dierking’s model notes that in such an experience as â€Å"the importance they find visitors attribute to individuals, objects, and environments other than those for which they specifically attend the attraction, informs many types of attractions† (2000, p.17). In effect, the elements comprising or leading to an activity, exhibition or presentation complement and shape the audiences impression and attraction to the item of art. Fundamentally, the attraction experience is a gradual and cumulative collection of events leading to the conception of a concrete bias in opinion in the form of an attraction. In the location above, the length of attraction represented to an audience, looking to visit this location will be greatly influenced by the features of the studio including the outside environment of the hall, the presentation of the advertisement of the event, the timing of the event and the general outlook of the space allocated.Advertising Looking for proposal on art? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These are to be conjured to portray various elements of the piece in the format and approach of Mo ¨dersheim’s (2004) as follows in his book art of war: Theme The piece must react to the audience in a manner suggesting a specific theme and approach. It must perpetrate an agenda in a proscribed mannerism. This ca n be achieved by appealing to history and philosophy through invitation of influence from related or similar acts. This sets the audience to a certain direction of thought and impression. This is also to be built from the timeline of events and elements of the activities that develop the final outlook and impression. Agony and liberation will be contrasted and humiliated by the various tools of expression through the actors and carriers of the idea The tragedy and disaster The piece will suggest and explain a crisis of events ideas or perspectives as the starting point of the attraction. This allows the piece to divide the audience in opinion interest and option. The taking of sides presented by a conflict borne by the progression of historical events or ideas allows the audience to engage with the piece in this first level. Disillusion and trauma Frustration, fear and disillusionment at this level engage the audience in the ‘fight’ by allowing them to form an opinion b ias or reaction. It plays the role of feedback from the earlier step. This acts as the total sum of the first impression and first reaction to the progression of the theme, past experience, present interaction and future anticipation. All these are weighed on the balance of principles over morals. Different perspectives are presented at this stage to allow the audience to form an informed bias. The crisis of representation In preparation for the victory or conclusion, a leader must appear. A carrier of the burden of blame for the positive or negative opinion must be borne to the audiences, described, and created in the details of their respects. They will then act as the scapegoats who act as the symbols and representatives of a specific stand or bias. They are then seen to suffer the weight of this burden depending on the affection and attachment of the audience to them. The traumatic realism The conclusion and results of the above reactions are then made clear in the piece to attr act a teaching. This stage gives the audience a firsthand interaction with the consequences of their bias and gives an account of these consequences. It presents the infected and the affected in a closing remark expression and experience.Advertising We will write a custom proposal sample on The Heffron Hall Collections and Pieces of Art specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Outcomes Preliminary design and planning The preliminary design involves an interaction between the discovery process and the final expected outcome. This is arrived at after an evaluation of the various available approaches locations and methods of presentation. This is then is laid out in the form of virtual locations, major features of the suite and the salient participants and players of the various roles. To this effect, a collection of carefully selected pieces of art will be chosen subscribing to the adopted theme. They will be accompanied by a strategic se tting of the location through the restructuring of the location to accommodate the audience. It will involve the formulation of a schedule of events in the order subscribing to the outline discussed above. The site map will also be developed and prepared to position the elements and artists in attendance in the most appropriate manner. This is map is tested for performance, convenience and completeness in anticipation of the final plan. The master plan is then constructed from the most reliable and effective design and used as a point of reference for the implementation. Design Language Communication occurs through various mediums such as words sounds verbal symbols as well as visual symbols. In the diagram below these are employed interactively in the design of the elements. Effectively the language employed here is a visual one as aided by the words and symbols. Clearly one would very well understand the elements in the picture even without the writings. However, the design langua ge allows the audience to pay specific attention to certain elements of the design at the expense of all others. This also perpetrates the theme of the language and allows the audience to perceive the picture from a specific perspective. Advertising Looking for proposal on art? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The contrast of opinions, perspectives, and events in a piece of art supplemented by the allusion to its historical antecedent offers the audience a divided ground to which they have no choice but to take a stand. This develops the attraction and interest which form the parameters of evaluating a good piece of art. References Falk, J Dierking, L 2000, Learning from Museums: Visitor Experiences and the Making of Meaning, AltaMira Press,Walnut Creek. Foo, L Rossetto, A 1998, Cultural Tourism in Australia: Characteristics and Motivations, Bureau of Tourism Research Australia Occasional Paper 27, Canberra. Mo ¨dersheim S 2004, Art and War, Representations of Violence: Art about the Sierra Leone Civil War. University of Wisconsin, Madison. Warf, B Arias S, 2009, Spatial Turn: Interdisciplinary perspectives, Routledge, New York. This proposal on The Heffron Hall Collections and Pieces of Art was written and submitted by user Eli W. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.